Siege of Leningrad Day 36. General Fedyuninsky is ordered to break the siege by breaking out to the East along the Southern shore of Lake Ladoga, beginning no later than October 20. However, there are 54,000 German troops well dug in on the swampy terrain.
Operation Typhoon, assault on Moscow. West of Moscow, Soviet 18th and 19th tank Brigades gradually fall back from Gzhatsk (now Gagarin) in the face of heavy German tank and Stuka attacks. They retreat along the Smolensk-Moscow road towards the main defensive line at Mozhaysk, which is still under hasty construction by 250,000 civilians (mostly women). 130 miles West-Northwest of Moscow, 1st Panzer Division captures Rzhev encircling and destroying Soviet 30th Army.